Optimizing Performance with Next.js

Zachary Horvath

Zachary Horvath 2022-12-27 3 min read #softwareengineering

In today's digital world, users expect fast and seamless experiences when interacting with websites. A slow-loading website can lead to frustration and abandonment, resulting in higher bounce rates and lower conversions. On the other hand, a performant website can keep users happy and engaged, leading to increased conversions and user retention.

As a web developer using Next.js, you have a number of tools and techniques at your disposal to optimize performance. In this post, we'll look at some of the ways you can do just that.

Use Server-Side Rendering

Next.js is built on top of React and provides server-side rendering out of the box. This means that Next.js will render your React components on the server and send the resulting HTML to the client. This can significantly improve performance, particularly for users with slower internet connections.

By rendering on the server, you can also take advantage of server-side caching. This can reduce the load on your server and improve the overall user experience.

Use Code Splitting

Next.js allows you to split your code into smaller chunks that can be loaded on demand. This is known as code splitting. By using code splitting, you can improve the performance of your website by only loading the code that is necessary for the current page or component.

To use code splitting with Next.js, use the dynamic import syntax:

import dynamic from 'next/dynamic'

const DynamicComponent = dynamic(() => import('./my-component'))

This will create a new chunk for my-component that will be loaded on demand when the component is rendered.

Use Automatic Static Optimization

Next.js has a feature called automatic static optimization, which allows you to generate static versions of your pages at build time. This can improve the performance of your website by reducing the amount of server-side rendering that is required.

To use automatic static optimization, you can export a getStaticProps or getServerSideProps function from your page or component. This function will be called at build time to generate the static version of your page.

For example:

export async function getStaticProps() {
  const data = await fetchData()
  return {
    props: {

Use a CDN for Your Static Assets

Next.js allows you to use a content delivery network (CDN) for your static assets, such as images, stylesheets, and JavaScript files. By using a CDN, you can reduce the distance between the server and the user, which can improve performance.

To use a CDN with Next.js, you can use the assetPrefix option in your next.config.js file:

module.exports = {
  assetPrefix: 'https://cdn.example.com',

This will cause Next.js to use the specified CDN for your static assets.


Performance is a crucial aspect of web development and can have a significant impact on user experience and business outcomes. By using Next.js, you have access to a number of powerful tools and techniques to optimize the performance of your website. By using server-side rendering, code splitting, automatic static optimization, and a CDN for your static assets, you can significantly improve performance and provide a better experience for your users.

Don't forget to continuously monitor and improve the performance of your website to ensure that it's always running at its best. By following best practices and using the tools and techniques provided by Next.js, you can build fast and performant apps and websites that provide a great user experience and drive better business results.